A few words about the notion of enclosure.
Enclosures are not here held to be intrinsically bad news. All language and image-making and indeed clothes and even the seat you are likely to be occupying, are forms of enclosure, as are the traffic systems, tax codes, CV’s, doors and locks that seem necessary for a functioning civil society.
Enclosures of commons become problematic and often unjust when they involve claims of ownership:
- Privatised languages
- Sequestered knowledge
- Monetized relationships
- Social exclusion
- Despotic governance
These qualities tend to be strongly present (but not exclusively so) in professions such as law, the military, science, academia, medicine and psychology.